Impacts of climate change are real throughout the world. In several places in Indonesia, drought, extreme weather, has impacted the agriculture production in Indonesia in meeting the demand for rice. Indonesia Climate Change Sectoral Roadmap (ICCSR) published by Bappenas back in 2010, projected the potential temperature as well as climate variability in 2020. Indonesia is projected to experience changes in precipitation as well as sea surface temperature. The average sea level increment in Indonesia is projected to be around 0.6 cm/year – 0.8 cm/year, while the sea surface temperature was estimated to rise up to 0.65o C in 2030 to 1.10o C in 2050. ICCSR also predicted clean water availability in Sumatera, Java-Bali, Sulawesi, and Nusa Tenggara, to be scarce in 2030. These, of course, will affect food security in Indonesia, both from the agriculture (rice in particular) as well as the availability of protein from the sea.
Food security is not only affected by temperature and other climate variability, but also by the land availability as well as the whole food supply chain; from production, post-production, distribution, and consumption. Flood that is caused by extreme weather, may cut the distribution line for food to areas that are not food producers. This needs to be anticipated by the Government, in order to ensure that access to food is available for all.
Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) supported by Oxfam, conducts a policy analysis on food and climate change in Indonesia, from 4 different perspectives: agriculture, fisheries, land-use, and cities. A synthesis report is being developed on policy analysis, taking the four perspectives as inputs. The following FGD is a part of series of discussions that were conducted in order to develop the analysis, was conducted in October 18th 2016. The FGD report is available only in Bahasa Indonesia, while the synthesis report will be available in English and estimated to be launched in the first quarter of 2017.