On April 13th 2017, located at Hotel AOne Jakarta, IESR collaborates with Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection (KPPPA) held a kick-off workshop on Technical Guidance Development on Gender Integration to build small-scale renewable energy facility. The workshop was attended by various organizations and entities that are relevant with gender and energy issues. Several resource persons attended were Muhammad Suhud from Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) and Ms. Ir. Ida Nuryatin Finahari, M.Eng, Head Department of Various New and Renewable Energy Program Preparation, Directorate of Various New and Renewable Energy (ANEKA EBT) of New and Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation Directorate General (DG EBTKE), Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. Welcome remarks were given by Ms. Agustina Erni, Gender Mainstreaming Deputy in Charge, from Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection (KPPPA). The workshop aims to gather inputs to develop technical guidance on integrating gender to build small scale renewable energy facility. Renewable energy in here is not limited only for power generation, but also energy for cooking.
Muhammad Suhud presented the scoping study that was conducted by IESR and KPPPA in 2016, which tries to see the opportunity to include gender aspect into proposal document, to develop small scale renewable energy facility through Special Allocation Fund (DAK) or other National Budget on Energy. The study stated that there are three types of energy needs that provide positive impacts to gender: practical needs, productive needs, and strategic needs. Practical needs include energy to provide clean water or to reduce time to collect firewood which solar water pumping or efficient clean cook-stoves can be an option. Activities related to productive needs are those activities that can be used by women to do home-industries. While strategic needs are the activities that enable women to travel safely, even in the evening.
The study that was conducted by IESR in 2016, suggested several recommendations. The study indicated that there is a need to develop indicators that reflect the aspects of access, participation, control, and benefit, at the activity level. The same study also stated that although there are many gender aspects already incorporated in renewable energy activities at the programme and policy level, it is yet not well implemented. The current indicators used at the policy level are the number of power generated or installed, and number of households that access the electricity. Gender related indicators such as numbers of access given to women groups or household with women as head of a household, are not required, thus, not available. Therefore, it is important to derive gender indicator to the activity level. If there is no measurable indicator on gender, then gender inequality will continue to happen.
The same study also concludes: (i) currently, no complete tools to implement existing regulations, exists; (ii) separate data on women and men, should be done. In order to achieve the above, collaboration among ministries and entities is perceived as important. Such as, collaboration with Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, as well as other ministries and entities; (iii) there are needs to have specific indicators to measure gender mainstreaming, for each sector.
MEMR Minister Regulation (PerMen) No. 3/2016 elaborates on the feasibility study framework for Special Allocation Fund (DAK). The regulation states that there are five aspects that need to be accommodated in the proposal for DAK: legal aspect, social-economy aspect, technical aspect, management aspect, and financing aspect. Having said that, the document is very technical in nature with nothing on gender aspect in it. Gender indicator in general, can only be measured with attendance list, how many women and how many men attend the consultations meeting. However, the most important aspect to measure gender aspects is how to define access, participation, control and benefits (APKM) trough indicators. It is also important to develop strategies on how to achieve APKM and how to meet the indicators. For instance, at the preparation stage, how to ensure that women have been engaged and involved in the process? How to involve women to decide the tariff, because in general women know better the household’s spending and also the household’s budget allocation.
Ms. Ida Nuryatin Finahari from EBTKE presented general views on renewable energy facility development in Indonesia, from planning until construction stage. She also mentioned that currently a new Directorate is added in EBTKE, called Infrastructure Planning and Development, which handles all physical activities related to infrastructure, regarding to new, renewable and energy conservation activities.
Indonesia has a target that in 2025, 45 GW of energy in Indonesia will come from renewable energy. To date, Indonesia’s energy mix only consists of 8 GW new and renewable energy source. This implies that Indonesia will need 36.3 GW more to achieve the 45 GW target in 2025; which is quite a challenge. Indonesia also has several regulations on financing for renewable energy; for instance Presidential Regulation No. 123/2016 on Special Allocation Fund (DAK); MEMR Minister Regulation No. 3/2017 on operational guidelines to conduct and assignment for small scale energy facility, which consists of technical specification from power plants with special specification; as well as MEMR Decision No. 1502 on detail activities and location as well as DAK target. MEMR also has technical guidelines to develop feasibility study with simple outline, to help local government in doing feasibility study by themselves, with available funding.
The presentation was followed by discussions, where the following issues were raised:
- Capacity building is needed to integrate gender into local government’s programmes;
- Compilation of best practices of gender integration into community based renewable energy projects, need to be developed;
- Currently gender mainstreaming faces difficulties due to financing challenges;
- Current tools to integrate gender, will require longer time and it is difficult to be done;
- There are needs to conduct baseline assessment;
- Data collection process becomes important in gender mainstreaming;
- The sustainability of new and renewable energy generation management;
- Stakeholders mapping is required;
- How far would gender mainstreaming will be integrated in renewable energy activities?
- Process to conduct the current study.
Full report of the activity is also available and can be downloaded. However, it is only available in Bahasa Indonesia.