Indonesia has signed the Paris Agreement and ratified it in October 2016. Based on the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), Indonesia has confirmed its commitment to reduce 29% of its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by own effort. One of the strategies is increasing renewable energy use in the national energy mix; targeting a rise from 5% in 2010 to 23% at 2025 and 25% in 2030. This target requires the government to develop an integrated policy and planning framework, including but not limited to: progressive policy and regulatory framework for opening the markets, fiscal policy, and financial incentives to encourage investment in green energy infrastructure, strengthen the electricity network (grid), strengthen the participation of communities and communities in the development and management of renewable energy infrastructures, and promote gender equality in energy program.
To support in achieving this target, contribution from external parties especially civil society organizations (CSOs), private sectors, and energy consumer groups is important. Public participation and involvement are an important component for meeting clean and inclusive energy needs because the energy sector tends to have a thick political nuance and attracts many interests. Without the involvement of CSOs and public in formulating policies, targets, and development priorities in the energy sector, as well as in monitoring the development and quality of existing regulations; planning in the energy sector and its implementation will be difficult to meet the broader needs and interests of the public.