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Bali NZE 2045: Bali’s Commitment for Sustainable Electricity

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Bali, August 28, 2023 – The Institute for Essential Services Reform encourages and supports the commitment of the Provincial Government of Bali to achieving the Bali Net Zero Emissions 2045 initiative. As a crucial part of this initiative, the electricity sector in Bali is being decarbonized, which is a strategic step towards achieving Bali’s carbon-neutral goal. This step will significantly reduce the carbon footprint and help preserve Bali’s natural beauty, which is increasingly vulnerable to the effects of climate change.

“Bali currently embraces an environmentally conscious low-carbon development plan strategy rooted in the Balinese principle of nangun sat kerthi loka complemented by various regulations that advocate decarbonization. Notably, the Bali Governor’s Regulation on Clean Energy and Battery-Based Electric Motorized Vehicles underscores this commitment. It serves as a cornerstone for Bali to manifest the NZE 2045 vision, fortified by collaborative support. The decarbonization of the electricity sector emerges as a critical facet, considering that the prime contributor to emissions in Bali comes from the energy sector, including electricity,” explained Marlistya Citraningrum, Program Manager for Sustainable Energy Access on Bali Job Fair and Education Expo organized by Department of Manpower and Department of Energy and Mineral Resources of the province of Bali. . 

On the same occasion, a special workshop was also held to garner multi-stakeholder support in achieving Bali NZE 2045. On the inaugural day of the seminar unveiled design for low-carbon regional development and a road map for decarbonizing the Bali electricity system, the second and third days of the workshop focused on preparing reliable resources and sustainable financing for Bali NZE 2045.

“To move towards decarbonization of the electricity sector, there are several strategies that have been actively propelled by IESR, including mapping the technical potential of rooftop solar power plants for government buildings, public facilities, hotels, restaurants and other business entities. The landscape further involves identifying innovative financing schemes for the adoption of renewable energy, market analysis to understand the behavior of potential rooftop solar PV users, including motivation and purchase choices, and analysis of hosting capacity to determine system reliability with large-scale and dispersed penetration of renewable energy,” said Marlistya Citraningrum.

IESR, which has been actively collaborating with the Provincial Government of Bali since 2019, has recorded that the technical potential for renewable energy in Bali is relatively large, reaching 143 GW, including the technical potential for solar PV installed on land of 26 GWp (20% potential) which can be developed with pumped hydroelectric power storage ( pump hydro energy storage, PHES) with a possibility of around 5.8 GWh. Furthermore, in collaborative endeavor, IESR and Udayana University’s Center of Excellence for Community-Based Renewable Energy (CORE)  have identified additional renewable energy potential on Nusa Penida, such as solar, biomass, wind, and biodiesel (CPO, jatropha, seaweed). There are also energy storage possibilities like batteries and pumped-hydro energy storage (seawater). Currently, IESR is partnering with CORE Udayana University for a case study on Nusa Penida towards securing its energy needs with a 100% renewable energy goal. At present, 30% of the energy sources in Nusa Penida come from renewable energy, mainly solar PV with batteries.

Previously, the Provincial Government of Bali had declared the Bali Action Plan Towards Bali Net Zero Emissions 2045, which was supported by the main partners of the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR), World Resources Institute (WRI) Indonesia, New Energy Nexus Indonesia. The event was also attended by supporting partners from global and national philanthropic institutions, namely Bloomberg Philanthropies, IKEA Foundation, Sequoia Climate Foundation, ClimateWorks Foundation, Tara Climate Foundation, and Viriya ENB.

About Institute for Essential Services Reform

The Institute for Essential Service Reform (IESR) is a think tank organization that actively promotes and strives for the fulfillment of Indonesia’s energy needs, upholding the principles of justice in natural resource utilization and ecological sustainability. IESR engages in activities such as conducting analysis and research, advocating for public policies, launching campaigns on specific topics, and collaborating with diverse organizations and institutions.

About Bali Net Zero Emission 2045

The Bali Net Zero Emissions 2045 Initiative consists of various efforts aimed at low carbon development in Bali through the transition to renewable energy, electric mobility, and climate entrepreneurship, all geared towards achieving Bali Net Zero Emissions by 2045. This initiative encourages collaborative action and work cooperation between the Provincial Government of Bali, various partners, communities, and stakeholders in Bali to accelerate the adoption of clean energy and encourage the active participation of the Balinese people in the low carbon development agenda. The parties involved include international institutions, non-profit organizations, independent research institutions, the private sector, entrepreneurship and start-up businesses, academic institutions, associations, and local communities. The main partners of this initiative are the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR), World Resources Institute (WRI) Indonesia, and New Energy Nexus Indonesia.

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