Kompas | Public Support is Crucial in Achieving Bali’s Net Zero Emissions 2045 Vision

The Provincial Government of Bali has set a vision to achieve net zero emissions by 2045, known as Bali Net Zero Emissions 2045. Strategies for achieving net zero emissions include enhancing the mix of renewable energy sources. The attainment of the Bali Net Zero Emissions 2045 target requires the support and participation of all stakeholders, including the community

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Encourage Collaborative Efforts Towards Achieving Bali Net Zero Emission (NZE) 2045

Bali NZE

Bali, August 30, 2023 – To achieve Bali’s Net Zero Emission (NZE) 2045 target, the Department of Manpower and Energy and Mineral Resources has partnered with the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Indonesia, and the Center of Excellence Community-Based Renewable Energy (CORE) at the University of Udayana. Together, they will be hosting the “Bali’s Path to NZE 2045” workshop and the “Bali Job Fair & Education Expo 2023” from August 28 to August 30, 2023.

On August 27, 2023, the Workshop and Job Fair activities kicked off with the Bali Electric Vehicle Fun Touring event. This eco-friendly motorcade activity began at the Ministry of Manpower and Mineral Resources building in Bali. It ended at the Muara Pura Tanah Kilap Reservoir, covering a distance of approximately 10 kilometers.

During the Workshop “Bali’s Path to NZE 2045,” Ida Bagus Setiawan, Head of the Bali Province Manpower and Energy and Mineral Resources Office, emphasized the need to continuously maximize the potential for renewable energy development (RED) in Bali.

“In alignment with the action plan for renewable energy development, in 2025 and beyond, Bali will facilitate and plan Bali’s electricity needs by increasing the capacity of renewable energy power generators in Bali,” stated Ida Bagus Setiawan during his presentation at the Ministry of Manpower and Mineral Resources building in Bali.

Marlistya Citraningrum, Manager of Sustainable Energy Access at IESR, highlighted that Bali currently has a low-carbon development plan with an environmental perspective guided by Nangun Sat Kerthi Loka Bali principles. Various regulations targeting decarbonization have also been implemented.

“In the low-carbon development plan for Bali, there is a need for a roadmap for decarbonizing the electricity system in Bali. This aligns with the Tri Hita Karana principles supporting Bali’s progress towards low emissions. To achieve this, IESR has undertaken several active strategic efforts, such as identifying the potential for solar power generation in Bali, mapping and analyzing electricity consumption behavior patterns of potential rooftop solar power users, and conducting an analysis of the electrical system on Nusa Penida Island in collaboration with the CORE Udayana team,” explained Citra.

IESR is committed to supporting the achievement of Bali NZE 2045 and has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the Development of Bali NZE 2045 with the Bali Provincial Government on August 5. Furthermore, after the Workshop and Bali Job Fair series of events, IESR also signed a Cooperation Agreement (PKS) outlining the Roadmap for Bali NZE 2045 with the Ministry of Manpower and Mineral Resources of Bali Province (Disnaker ESDM) on August 30.

Prof. Ida Ayu Dwi Giriantari, Chair of CORE Udayana, emphasized that all segments of society must collectively support and monitor Bali’s progress towards achieving low carbon emissions by 2045 as a shared responsibility and role.

Declare Bali Net Zero Emission 2045: Bali Government Targets 100 Percent Renewable Energy in Nusa Penida before 2030

press release

Bali, August 4, 2023 – A significant increase in the renewable energy mix is ​​needed to achieve the 2045 Bali Net Zero Emissions (NZE) ambition, 15 years ahead of Indonesia’s carbon-neutral target. In addition, using renewable energy and sustainable principles will create a positive image for economic activity and tourism.

Ida Bagus Setiawan, the Head of  Bali Labour, Energy, and Mineral Resources Agency in Bali Province, explained in a meeting titled ‘Towards Bali Net Zero Emission 2045’ held in Jayashaba, Denpasar, Bali, that the energy sector is responsible for 57% of total emissions in Bali. He added that the local government aims to reduce these emissions by achieving 100% renewable energy in Nusa Penida by 2030.

“Nusa Penida was pushed earlier to achieve net zero emissions compared to mainland Bali, one of which is because it is isolated from an electricity perspective,” said Ida Bagus.

The Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR), which has been actively working with the Provincial Government of Bali since 2019, has recorded that the technical potential for renewable energy in Bali is relatively large, reaching 143 GW, including the technical potential for PLTS installed on land of 26 GWp and pumped hydroelectric power (PHES) of 5.8 GWh. Fabby Tumiwa, Executive Director of IESR, on the same occasion, mentioned that his party projects that in the next few years, the population of Nusa Penida, which will number around 62 thousand in 2022, will increase, as well as the growing tourism sector will increase demand for energy, including electricity. This can be met with renewable energy.

“The existence of large renewable energy potential and available renewable energy generation technology, manageable electricity demand, and relatively equal patterns of electricity load between day and night, as well as the support of PLN, make me highly confident that the electricity system is 100% renewable energy based. In Nusa Penida can be realized before 2030,” said Fabby.

Alluding to the condition of Nusa Penida, where currently one of the electricity needs is supplied from 7 units of Diesel Power Plants (PLTD) with a total capacity of 10 MW, Fabby said that replacing PLTD with renewable energy was a challenge in itself.

“The challenge is to replace the 10 MW PLTD, which is currently operating, within 2-3 years and improve the performance of solar PV Suana to be more optimal in the coming year. IESR has also conducted technical studies, and the study results show that technically and economically, a 100% renewable energy electricity system can be carried out in Nusa Penida,” he said.

Prof. Ida Ayu Dwi Giriantari, Head of the Center of Excellent Community-Based Renewable Energy (CORE), said the results of her study measured the potential for rooftop solar PV in Nusa Penida government buildings to reach 10.9 MW. In addition, she mentioned that large-scale solar PV has the potential to be utilized in Nusa Penida. According to her, the problem of land for installing large-scale PLTS is resolved with sufficient land in Nusa Penida.

“Solar PV in Suana, with a capacity of 3.5 MW, uses a land area of ​​4.5 hectares. Meanwhile, in Nusa Penida, there is potential for 10 thousand hectares of land for large-scale solar PV,” she explained.

The Provincial Government of Bali declared the Bali Action Plan Towards Bali Net Zero Emissions 2045, supported by the main partners of the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR), World Resources Institute (WRI) Indonesia, and New Energy Nexus Indonesia. The event was also attended by supporting partners from global and national philanthropic institutions, namely Bloomberg Philanthropies, IKEA Foundation, Sequoia Climate Foundation, ClimateWorks Foundation, Tara Climate Foundation, and Viriya ENB.

About Bali Net Zero Emission 2045

The Bali Net Zero Emissions 2045 Initiative consists of various efforts aimed at low carbon development in Bali through the transition to renewable energy, electric mobility, and climate entrepreneurship, all geared towards achieving Bali Net Zero Emissions by 2045. This initiative encourages collaborative action and work cooperation between the Provincial Government of Bali, various partners, communities, and stakeholders in Bali to accelerate the adoption of clean energy and encourage the active participation of the Balinese people in the low carbon development agenda. The parties involved include international institutions, non-profit organizations, independent research institutions, the private sector, entrepreneurship and start-up businesses, academic institutions, associations, and local communities. The main partners of this initiative are the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR), World Resources Institute (WRI) Indonesia, and New Energy Nexus Indonesia.