Indonesia, which is hosting the G20 this year, is the world’s fourth largest coal exporter and 75% of its energy mix still comes from fossil fuels (Climate Transparency 2022). Despite its reliance on fossil fuels, Indonesia proposed the core theme of Sustainable Energy Transition in its G20 presidency. The energy crisis proved to be one of the most challenging in the Energy Transition Ministerial Meeting in reaching an agreement or joint communique. The failure to produce a joint communique was highlighted as a setback to the G20’s climate commitment to achieve the 1.5 degrees Celsius target.
According to the Climate Transparency Report’s latest publication, the G20’s climate action still falls short of preventing the earth’s temperature from rising above 1.5 degrees Celsius, although it is not too late. Meanwhile, in the assessment of each country’s achievements by the Climate Transparency Report, it can be said that Indonesia is not yet on track to achieve the 1.5 degrees Celsius target. The energy crisis caused by the conflict between Russia and Ukraine has led to many G20 countries taking ‘temporary’ measures to secure their energy supply, which has hampered the achievement of the zero net carbon target. The same report also states that all G20 countries need to strengthen their NDCs (nationally determined contributions) to be more in line with the 1.5 degrees Celsius target.
The G20 Summit is scheduled to be held in Bali on 15-16 November 2022. As the G20 event draws to a close, the world is waiting to see what commitments and actions the G20 will take to slow the rate of climate change impacts. The pressure on the G20 is even higher, given that the G20 Summit will be after COP27 in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. G20 countries need to convince their people that they are keeping the promises and commitments made at COP26 in Glasgow. As major contributors to the world’s total greenhouse gases, there is hope that the G20 Summit can be a catalyst for climate action based on multilateralism.
To strengthen the transparency framework for global adaptation and mitigation action, Climate Transparency has launched its annual report. The report provides an assessment of emissions and projections of G20 climate adaptation, mitigation and financial mobilisation to prevent global temperature rise. In addition, the report presents analyses of responses and recommendations for a green recovery aligned with the Paris Agreement. The Climate Transparency Report 2022 was made available globally on 20 October 2022. As Climate Transparency’s partner in Indonesia, IESR will disseminate the Climate Transparency 2022 report and Indonesia Country Profile inviting the government, CSOs, policymakers, and the general public to the event.