It cannot be denied that coal is still the main energy source for the electricity sector in Indonesia despite the demands of transition energy strengthens. Incentives for renewable energy are really needed if we want to displace coal, which has also been a source of economic turnover in a number of regions. Central-regional government coordination must also be strengthened.
The Indonesia Clean Energy Forum (ICEF) and the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) urge Indonesia to reform its electricity system capable of integrating renewable energy, especially solar and wind, known as Variable Renewable Energy (VRE), with larger capacities through the operation of a flexible electricity system, strengthening VRE forecasting capabilities, and revitalizing network infrastructure.
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The Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) says that the electricity sector contributes 40 percent of greenhouse gas emissions in Indonesia. The Executive Director of IESR, Fabby Tumiwa, explained that the total emissions from the energy sector had reached 600 million tons.
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