Encouraging the Energy Transition in the Industrial Sector in South Sumatra

Jelajah Energi Sumatera Selatan

Palembang, 26 February 2024 – Energy is a basic need for individuals and communities with various purposes. Even though energy is something crucial in human life, not many people know or are critical of the energy sources (such as electricity) that they use every day.

On a larger scale such as the industrial sector, energy needs will be directly proportional to the productivity and economic contribution of the products produced. Somewhat different from energy use on a household scale, energy use in the industrial sector is relatively well monitored. In terms of awareness of energy sources, industry tends to better understand the energy sources they choose.

In an effort to promote the use of renewable energy, the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) collaborates with the South Sumatra Province Energy and Mineral Resources Office to organize the South Sumatra Energy Exploration (Jelajah Energi Sumatera Selatan) activity for one week starting from Monday, February 26th, 2024 to Friday March 1st, 2024. This activity also embraces journalists as strategic partners in increasing public literacy regarding the energy transition.

The series of events began with an introductory workshop to provide participants with a basic understanding of energy and the energy landscape of South Sumatra, which acts as an “energy barn”. However, the dominant energy used is fossil energy i.e coal. Meanwhile, apart from fossil energy sources, South Sumatra Province also has a technical potential for renewable energy reaching 21,032 MW, yet only around 4.7% or 989 MW has been utilized.

Rizqi M. Prasetyo, IESR Sub-National Project Coordinator, explained that with the renewable energy potential of South Sumatra, projects can be utilized to bring benefits to the community.

“One of the (good practices, ed) that has been carried out in South Sumatra is the CSR initiative to use solar PV to drive land irrigation water pumps,” said Risky.

Secretary of the South Sumatra Province ESDM Service, Ahmad Gufran, said that his party was open to various ideas for greater use of renewable energy.

“We will continue to contribute to the development of the renewable energy sector to obtain clean, environmentally friendly energy. In the future, we hope that the use of clean energy can expand to all levels of society,” said Ahmad Gufan.

After receiving a general introductory workshop, the Energy Exploration journey began by visiting PT Pupuk Sriwidjaja (PUSRI). PT PUSRI is the first fertilizer producer in Indonesia and has been operating since the 1970s. Considering that the company’s operational period is quite long, production assets have also entered a period of revitalization. This moment is also used to switch to a cleaner type of technology for future operational periods.

VP of Environment at PUSRI Palembang, Yusuf Riza, explained that in an effort to be in line with the government’s agenda to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, PT PUSRI is taking a number of steps, including implementing energy efficiency practices, using electric vehicles as operational vehicles in factory environments, and installing on-grid rooftop PV for office operations.

“Currently we have installed a rooftop PV of 110 kWp as an energy source in office buildings, and this year (2024, ed) we plan to increase our (PV) capacity by 100 kWp. So in total we will have around 210 kWp PV capacity,” said Yusuf.

When Geothermal Energy Illuminates the Land of Sriwijaya

Palembang, February 29, 2024On Thursday morning, the Jelajah Energi South Sumatra group arrived at the Geothermal Power Plant (PLTP) in Lumut Balai, Muara Enim, South Sumatra, owned by PT Pertamina Geothermal Energy Tbk (PGE), after a long and winding journey that took about 4 hours from Muara Enim City. The group was welcomed with cold weather due to the plant’s location on a hill. Despite challenging geographical conditions, PLTP Lumut Balai Unit I, located at least 2,055 meters above sea level, has become a silent witness to the wonders of geothermal energy.

Acting General Manager of PT Pertamina Geothermal Energy Tbk (PGE) Lumut Balai Area, Aris Kurniawan, explained that the company is committed to providing reliable, affordable, clean energy access to all Indonesian people. The Lumut Balai Unit 1 PLTP, which has an installed capacity of 55 MW, has been supplying electricity to around 55,000 homes in the PGE working area since 2019. Moreover, it has helped reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 300,000 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).

“The Lumut Balai geothermal plant continues to move forward. By 2024, the target is to complete the construction of unit 2 of the Lumut Balai PLTP and proceed to the commissioning stage. Unit 2 has entered the EPCC (engineering, procurement, construction, commissioning) stage for the plant’s construction. In December 2024, it is expected to enter the commissioning phase until commercial operation (commercial on date). The project is still on track,” said Aris.

Aris stated that the Lumut Balai geothermal power plant is located in the Lumut Balai and Margabayur geothermal working areas (WKP), South Sumatra, with a mapped potential of 270 MW. With the development of the LMB Unit-2 Project, the installed capacity for the Lumut Balai Area will increase to 110 MW, equivalent to lighting 110,000 homes.

“Through our projects in Lumut Balai, we aim to mitigate climate change risks and support Indonesia in achieving 23% of the national grid mix from renewable energy sources by 2025. With a focus on innovation and efficiency, PGE is committed to reducing carbon emissions even further in the future to support Indonesia Net Zero Emission 2060,” said Aris.

Aris highlighted that, alongside the success of the energy transition through the optimization of geothermal development as a green energy source, PGE is also prepared to contribute to the carbon exchange initiative. This initiative serves as a tool that can encourage effective emission reductions and incentivize companies to participate in efforts to mitigate climate change.

“As of September 2023, PGE has contributed to the domestic carbon market by issuing 864,209 tons of CO2 equivalent (CO2eq), and this is the first geothermal carbon project on the carbon exchange,” Aris said.

Faricha Hidayati, Coordinator of the Industrial Decarbonization Project, Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) stated that among the geothermal working areas (WKP) established by the government, WKP Lumut Balai is one of the leading ones because it has geothermal potential of more than 300 MW, of which 55 MW has been operating since 2019 and other units are under construction and will be completed in December 2024. If this geothermal potential is properly utilized, Indonesia will be able to have 23.7 GW of clean energy and achieve net zero emissions by 2060, or sooner.

“Unfortunately, not many people are aware of this abundant potential, and many still choose energy from fossil fuels. Therefore, IESR in collaboration with the Energy and Mineral Resources Agency of South Sumatra held this Energy Tour to disseminate this information to the public. Hopefully, the Indonesian people will become wiser in using electricity and the like, and can then jointly oversee government policies in encouraging Indonesia’s energy transition to become greener and more sustainable,” Faricha explained.

Spreading the Issue of Energy Transitions Through Journalistic

Palembang, 20 February 2024 – Indonesia increased its commitment of achieving the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in 2030 to 31.89% (unconditional) and 43.20% (conditional). The government has also issued Presidential Regulation No. 112 of 2022 concerning the Acceleration of Renewable Energy Development for Electric Power Supply Supports the Acceleration of Domestic Energy Transitions. Various government programs hopefully will help Indonesia to achieve the Net Zero Emission (NZE) target in 2060 or faster.

The media plays an important role in guarding the issue of climate change, including energy transition policies from the government. The media also played a role in building public support while providing education about the issue of energy transition. Through informative and weighty coverage, the media can help form public opinion, motivate actions, and support steps towards a more sustainable energy system.

In this regard, the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) with the Palembang Independent Journalist Alliance (AJI) and the Indonesian Environmental Journalist Community (SIEJ) South Sumatra held a network of South Sumatra journalists with the theme “Spreading the Issue of Energy Transitions Through Journalistic” on February 20, 2024, in Palembang. In the event which was attended by 39 journalists from various print and online media in South Sumatra, the speakers from the South Sumatra Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) Office, Sriwijaya University, and IESR took turns giving presentations.

Head of Energy Division from the South Sumatra ESDM Office Dr. Aryansyah explained that the realization of the South Sumatra renewable energy mix in 2022 had reached 23.85% or two percent higher than the 2025 target listed in RUED Province. Nevertheless, the utilization of renewable energy has only reached 989.12 MW or 4.7% of the total solar, hydro, wind, bioenergy, and geothermal energy potential of 21,032 MW.

“There are several strategies for implementing regional level energy management in South Sumatra. For example with the issuance of South Sumatra Governor Regulation Number 26 of 2021 concerning the use of battery-based electricity vehicles to support the acceleration of electric motor vehicle programs. As an implementation of the regulation, on April 25, 2022 the South Sumatra ESDM Office had an electric car unit. Another example, we are also conducting a study of potential biomass based on cow dung in Musi Banyuasin Regency, “said Aryansyah.

Lecturer in the Faculty of Economics, Sriwijaya University, Dr. Abdul Bashir explained that from an economic point of view, energy transitions will increase energy security and reduce dependence on fossil fuel imports. Energy transition can also increase economic diversification and create new sources of income that are beneficial to the surrounding community.

“In terms of policy, the government needs to set clear targets and roadmaps for energy transitions. Regulations that support the development of EBT, such as fiscal incentives and facilitate the licensing process can also be considered. The media needs to oversee this issue by providing education about the transition of energy, EBT, and its impact on the community. Conversely, the media can also voice the aspirations and concerns of the community about energy transitions, “said Abdul Bashir.

The IESR Communication Team Kurniawati Hasjanah stated that the mass media was still the main source of information for readers who wanted to explore the issue of energy transitions, followed by research, academic webinars, then influencers on social media. Interestingly, the focus of the news is still dominated by the point of view delivered by the government and business people.

“In preaching the issue of energy transitions, journalists need to understand that new energy generated from technology cannot be categorized as renewable energy, such as nuclear energy, coal gasification, and coal liquidation. Journalists also need to reveal the social and economic implications of energy transitions, including in terms of employment and affected workers. Policies related to energy transitions must be participatory since the transition concerns the lives of many people, “said Kurniawati Hasjanah.

Explore South Sumatra Energy: Promoting Renewable Energy in the Land of Sriwijaya

Palembang, February 26, 2024 – South Sumatra, also nicknamed “Bumi Sriwijaya”, is one of the provinces that achieved a regional renewable energy mix target greater than the national target. In 2022, the renewable energy mix in South Sumatra reached 23.85 percent, higher than the national energy mix target of 23 percent by 2025. To encourage greater renewable energy utilization and promote renewable energy at the regional level, the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) through the Energy Transition Academy in collaboration with the Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) Office of South Sumatra Province held Jelajah Energi South Sumatra on February 26 – March 2, 2024.

Based on data from the Department of Energy and Mineral Resources, South Sumatra Province, the potential for renewable energy in this area is around 21,032 MW, consisting of solar energy of 17,233 MWp, hydro of 448 MW, wind of 301 MW, bioenergy of 2,132 MW and geothermal of around 918 MW. However, currently only around 4.70% of this potential has been utilized, with an installed capacity of renewable energy of around 989.12 MW.

Secretary of the Energy and Mineral Resources Agency (ESDM) of South Sumatra Province, Ahmad Gufran said, to encourage the utilization of renewable energy, his party carried out several implementations of regional energy management strategies in South Sumatra. For example, conducting a study of renewable energy potential in South Sumatra. Then, the South Sumatra Provincial Government supports the acceleration of the battery-based electric motor vehicle program for road transportation with the issuance of South Sumatra Governor Regulation Number 26 of 2021 concerning the Use of Battery-Based Electric Motor Vehicles, and encourages the private sector to participate in developing renewable energy both to meet company needs and for corporate social responsibility.

“In order to implement the energy transition, we will continue to contribute to the development of the renewable energy sector to obtain clean energy that is environmentally friendly. In the future, we hope that the utilization of clean energy can be more developed to all levels of society,” said Ahmad Gufan. 

Sub-National Coordinator, Sustainable Energy Access Program, IESR, Rizqi M Prasetyo mentioned that South Sumatra is known as an energy granary, particularly renewable energy such as solar energy. According to him, South Sumatra has the largest solar potential among other technical renewable energy potentials. However, its utilization is actually small, only 7.75 MWp in the 2012-2022 period. For this reason, IESR believes that South Sumatra can encourage the use of ground-mounted solar power and rooftop solar power by preparing supporting regulations and policies, conducting socialization about solar power in the community, and encouraging community participation to be involved in the adoption of rooftop solar power accompanied by attractive incentives. Rizqi views that the collaboration between the government, the private sector and the community is the determining factor for the success of the utilization of environmentally friendly energy.

“Based on the practice of utilizing renewable energy in South Sumatra from the private sector at the Solar Power Plant (Solar PV) in Tanjung Raja Village, Muara Enim, South Sumatra, it has been useful for irrigation of agricultural land for farmers in the village. The solar power plant has a capacity of about 16.5 Kilowatt peak (kWp), with about 525 farmers benefiting from the irrigation solar power plant and enabling harvests more than 3 times a year. The government needs to encourage initiatives from various sectors to gain benefits from the huge potential of renewable energy such as solar energy, so that more and more people can feel the impact both environmentally and economically,” said Rizqi.

Rizqi explained that IESR realizes that access to knowledge about renewable energy and its benefits tends to be limited. Meanwhile, proper understanding is needed to mobilize support for renewable energy development in the regions. Addressing the knowledge gap on renewable energy, IESR has provided an energy transition learning platform called the Energy Transition Academy that can be openly accessed by the public.

“IESR, through the academy.transisienergi.id platform, has provided various energy transition classes that are organized in an interesting and easy-to-understand manner. Not only learning about energy transition, IESR also has a special channel for everyone who wants to know about rooftop solar PV adoption by visiting solarhub.id,” Rizqi explained.

In Jelajah Energi South Sumatra, participants will be invited to see firsthand various renewable energy projects that are already running in various locations in the province, including PT Pupuk Sriwidjaja Palembang’s PLTS, Tanjung Raja Village Irrigation PLTS, and PT Green Lahat’s PLTMH. In addition, there were discussion forums and meetings with relevant stakeholders, to discuss strategic steps in accelerating the implementation of renewable energy in South Sumatra.


About Institute for Essential Services Reform

The Institute for Essential Service Reform (IESR) is a think tank organization that actively promotes and strives for the fulfillment of Indonesia’s energy needs, upholding the principles of justice in natural resource utilization and ecological sustainability. IESR engages in activities such as conducting analysis and research, advocating for public policies, launching campaigns on specific topics, and collaborating with diverse organizations and institutions.

Communities Build Sustainability-Based Businesses

Cirebon, 26 January 2024 – On the fourth day, the West Java Energy Exploration team continued their journey to Cirebon. Precisely in South Kesunean, Kasepuhan Village, Lemahwungkuk District. There, the group moved towards the shoreline to plant mangroves. South Kesunean has one problem, namely the emerging soil phenomenon. This raised land appears due to the accumulation of rubbish on the shoreline which is compacted to form new land.

This habit of residents threatens a mangrove ecosystem which functions to resist sea abrasion. For approximately one year, a group of Kesunean residents took the initiative to form a Working Group (Pokja) to care for the mangrove area located in their area.

The West Java Energy Exploration group visited the Kesunean mangrove area to participate in planting mangroves as an effort to restore mangrove forests.

Pepep Nurhadi, Chair of RW 09 South Kesunean, as well as chair of the South Kesunean Mangrove Working Group (Pokja), said that the presence of mangroves in South Kesunean plays an important role in preventing flooding and abrasion as well as protecting coastal ecosystems.

“For this reason, we thank all parties who have supported us in this mangrove planting effort. “We hope that in the future our area can become an ecotourism area so that it can be more beneficial for local residents,” he said.


Karya Nugraha Jaya Cooperative Pioneers Sustainable Dairy Farm:

People and communities continue to look for ways to use renewable energy technology. In the landscape of micro businesses and cooperatives, community groups such as the Karya Nugraha Jaya Producers Cooperative strive to ensure that livestock operational processes can be clean and sustainable.

The Karya Nugraha Jaya Cooperative is a dairy farming cooperative located in Cipari Village, Cigugur District, Kuningan Regency, West Java, founded in 2004 and has around 4000 cows with a cooperative membership of 100 farmers. This cooperative is motivated to organize clean and sustainable livestock farming.

Iding Karnadi, Chairman of the Karya Nugraha Jaya Cooperative, said that the first thing that was initiated was the installation of a biogas reactor to process cow dung waste.

“Initially, dairy cow dung was an environmental problem, apart from being dirty, it also smelled bad. Finally, we collaborated with ITB to create this biogas installation,” he said.

The biogas installation was finally installed with a production capacity of 100 m3 of gas per day. The gas produced is used for electricity needs for water heating on farms. It doesn’t stop there, the Karya Nugraha Jaya Cooperative also installed hybrid solar panel installations on farms and feed factories amounting to 56 kWp.

“For the feed factory, we currently fully use electricity from PLTS amounting to 40 kWp, no longer using electricity from PLN,” said Iding.

Iding then continued that his party continues to look at other opportunities to make its livestock cooperatives more advanced and adopt more sustainable practices. Currently, the party is collaborating with ITB to treat livestock wastewater. In the future, the management of this cooperative hopes that the location of this cooperative will become an educational tourist attraction about Sustainable Dairy Farms.

Synergistic Movement is Crucial for East Kalimantan’s Energy Transition

Balikpapan, September 5, 2023 – The Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) is collaborating with the Clean, Affordable and Secure Energy in Southeast Asia (CASE) program and the Office of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) of East Kalimantan Province to organize a series of East Kalimantan Energy Exploration events—the first workshop of this series held on Tuesday, September 5, 2023.

Director of Electricity, Telecommunications and Information Technology, Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, Rachmat Mardiana, explained that renewable energy development could serve as a new economic driver in the Kalimantan region through the green and blue economy. This can be achieved by utilizing biodiesel, solar power, and other alternative energy sources already spread throughout the province. According to Rachmat, regional governments can support through the General Regional Energy Plan (RUED) under regional authority in developing renewable energy as stated in Law 23/2014 concerning regional governments.

“There are several regional issues in Kalimantan that need to be addressed. These issues include the dominance of fossil energy in electricity production, with only a small amount of renewable electricity generation. In addition, the development of the Indonesian capital city (IKN) requires the provision of renewable electricity. The electricity infrastructure in the region also needs attention as the Kalimantan interconnection system is not yet fully connected, and the extra high voltage transmission has not been connected to evacuate power generated throughout the region,” said Rachmat at the opening of the East Kalimantan Energy Exploration series.

To overcome this regional issue, continued Rachmat, implementing various policy measures that include creating small-scale, isolated grids (referred to as isolated mini-grids), providing eco-friendly and intelligent IKN electricity, developing smart electricity networks, and integrating electricity supplies with industries through the use of primary energy sources, encouraging the use of renewable energy, and developing interconnections between regions.

Direktur Ketenagalistrikan, Telekomunikasi, dan Informatika, Kementerian PPN/Bappenas, Rachmat Mardiana

A workshop session on the energy transition followed the event. Irwan Sarifuddin, the Coordinator of the Clean Energy Hub at IESR, mentioned the importance of a just energy transition. According to Irwan, regional governments need to consider the well-being of workers in coal-fired power plants (CFPPs) and those in supporting areas to transition successfully.

“We must make preparations to ensure that people are not left behind during the transition to energy. In 2022, IESR conducted a study called “Redefining Future Jobs,” which revealed that the profits gained by coal-producing regions are not proportional to the losses experienced by the local population. For example, losses from land degradation and health risks,” explained Irwan.

Agreeing with Irwan, the Energy Transition Advisor from Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) Indonesia, Yudiandra Yuwono, emphasized that in carrying out the energy transition, it is necessary to ensure the welfare of society. However, the energy transition process has many elements with various systemic constituencies.

“Some of the challenges of the energy transition include technological readiness, policy support, and acceptance by society itself. For this reason, all stakeholders play an important role in the energy transition,” said Yudiandra.

Furthermore, the workshop related to co-firing and biogas from representatives of IESR and the Office of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) of East Kalimantan Province has been held. Rahmat Jaya Eka Saputra, The Energy Transformation Staff of IESR, said PLN implemented co-firing technology at 36 CFPP locations out of a target of 35 locations during 2022. The PLN co-firing program produced 575.4 GWh of clean energy and reduced carbon emissions by 570 thousand tons of CO2 by utilizing 542 thousand tons of biomass.

“There are several advantages to using biomass as a co-firing fuel. Emissions can be significantly reduced by replacing a proportion of coal with biomass (usually between 20% and 50%). Additionally, carbon dioxide balancing can be achieved by planting new trees that absorb the carbon dioxide produced by the co-firing process. However, it is important to note that co-firing is considered a “transitional” fuel and cannot be relied upon as a long-term solution for meeting our energy needs,” explained Rahmat.

Sonny Widyagara Nadar, Young Expert Policy Analyst for the Office of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) of East Kalimantan Province, stated that the potential for biomass in East Kalimantan is around 936.14 MW and biogas is 150 MW. Thus, in total, the bioenergy potential is around 1,086.14 MW. With this potential, several uses of biomass and biogas have been carried out—for example, rice husks as fertilizer or biomass. There is also the use of biogas from livestock manure.

“There are several challenges in utilizing biogas from livestock manure, namely reaching the farthest areas that experience a shortage of LPG, increasing the scale of biogas for communal livestock, and downstream the use of biogas for community economic use,” explained Sonny.

Workshop Jelajah Energi Kalimantan Timur

In the next session, Fadhil Ahmad Qamar, CASE Program Staff of IESR, said that It is possible to transform palm oil mill effluent (POME) into electrical energy, which can be used as an alternative energy source. Fadhil estimates that 14 million hectares of land can produce 146 million tons of POME annually, which can then be processed into 35 million tons of crude palm oil (CPO) and 28.7 million tons of liquid waste. POME is typically treated in open ponds, undergoing anaerobic digestion and generating biogas.

“Using biogas from POME can significantly reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, such as 26 million tonnes of CO2eq/year if 100 factories utilize it. However, financial and policy support is necessary to create a favorable investment climate to promote biogas from POME,” said Fadhil.

The first day of the East Kalimantan Energy Exploration activities ended with a workshop on preparing articles for the energy transition. During the workshop, Kurniawati Hasjanah, Communications Staff of IESR, highlighted the importance of using critical terms such as energy mix, carbon, and alternative energy in reporting on the energy transition. The coverage of the energy transition mainly focuses on reducing the carbon footprint in energy consumption and promoting the use of alternative energy. Journalists and citizen journalists can benefit from understanding these concepts to provide accurate and informative coverage.

“When journalists cover the energy transition, they usually begin by creating a frame of reference for their reporting. This involves determining the topic, angle, sources, and reference documents to be used, such as the NDC document, Electricity Supply Business Plan (RUPTL) 2021-2030, and Presidential Decree 112/2022. Additionally, a list of videos and photos may be necessary to guide photographers in capturing the necessary coverage,” said Kurniawati Hasjanah.

Exploring the Implementation of Renewable Energy in Industries and Communities of East Kalimantan

Balikpapan, September 6, 2023 – The Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) is organizing the Energy Exploration in East Kalimantan Province in collaboration with the Clean Affordable and Secure Energy in Southeast Asia (CASE) program and the East Kalimantan Province Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) Service. The main objective of this initiative is to assess the readiness of institutions and regional actors to support Indonesia’s energy transition, identify the potential and community-based innovations that emerge, and study them for replication in other areas. The East Kalimantan Energy Exploration series started with a workshop on Tuesday, September 5, 2023, followed by two consecutive field visits.

On the first day of the field visit, the trip began by visiting the rooftop solar power plant (solar PV) of PT Pertamina Hulu Mahakam (PHM). They have been using a 100 kWp on-grid rooftop solar PV (connected to the PLN network) since 2014 to fulfill their office’s operational electricity requirements.

“430 solar panels and five inverters are installed in this rooftop solar PV system. In a day, energy production from rooftop solar PV can reach 34.4 KWh, whereas the building unit’s electricity needs to reach 21 KWh. Our rooftop solar PV operates from 6.00-18.00 WITA. From emission efficiency, we have been able to reduce CO2 emissions by 861.1 tons of CO2e since the solar PV was installed,” said Responsible for Safety & Environment on Site Balikpapan Based Office, Ruslan Rahim.

Solar PV
Solar PV PT Pertamina Hulu Mahakam

The team recently visited Balikpapan’s Manggar Final Waste Processing Site (TPAS). They learned about the process of decomposing organic waste to produce methane gas, which can be used as a source of cooking gas for daily needs. To decompose the organic waste, it is stacked and compacted in certain areas and left for a while. Eventually, the rotting waste will release liquid and methane gas. This methane gas can be used as an alternative energy source.

“The community around the Balikpapan’s Manggar Final Waste Processing Site can utilize methane gas from this waste, and there are 300 houses with a reach of 7 km from the Manggar TPAS that have received this environmentally friendly energy source. The distribution of methane gas to residents’ homes relies on several pipes connected to gas flow dividers and separators, which reduce the water content in the methane gas,” explained the Head of the Balikpapan’s Manggar Final Waste Processing Site, Muhammad Haryanto.

Rombongan Jelajah Energi Kalimantan Timur mengunjungi TPAS Manggar

The Energy Exploration in East Kalimantan field visit’s first day concluded with a visit to PT PLN Nusantara Power UP Kaltim Teluk to witness the cofiring program at the facility of Balikpapan coal-fired power plants (CFPP). Dhidhik K. Laksono, the Assistant Operations Manager for PT PLN Nusantara Power Generation Unit (Unit Pembangkitan/UP) Kaltim Balikpapan, mentioned that the CFPP facility uses a co-firing mixture of 3% wood chips or chopped wood as part of its total fuel requirement. However, the implementation of co-firing with chopped wood is still facing hurdles in sourcing raw materials.

“To overcome wood chip supply constraints, we have made several efforts to address them, including proposing to procure a new contract with PT PLN Energi Primer Indonesia, opening opportunities for testing other types of biomass, and encouraging the fulfillment of biomass supply commitments from partners who have collaborated,” explained Dhidhik.