Explore South Sumatra Energy: Promoting Renewable Energy in the Land of Sriwijaya

Palembang, February 26, 2024 – South Sumatra, also nicknamed “Bumi Sriwijaya”, is one of the provinces that achieved a regional renewable energy mix target greater than the national target. In 2022, the renewable energy mix in South Sumatra reached 23.85 percent, higher than the national energy mix target of 23 percent by 2025. To encourage greater renewable energy utilization and promote renewable energy at the regional level, the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) through the Energy Transition Academy in collaboration with the Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) Office of South Sumatra Province held Jelajah Energi South Sumatra on February 26 – March 2, 2024.

Based on data from the Department of Energy and Mineral Resources, South Sumatra Province, the potential for renewable energy in this area is around 21,032 MW, consisting of solar energy of 17,233 MWp, hydro of 448 MW, wind of 301 MW, bioenergy of 2,132 MW and geothermal of around 918 MW. However, currently only around 4.70% of this potential has been utilized, with an installed capacity of renewable energy of around 989.12 MW.

Secretary of the Energy and Mineral Resources Agency (ESDM) of South Sumatra Province, Ahmad Gufran said, to encourage the utilization of renewable energy, his party carried out several implementations of regional energy management strategies in South Sumatra. For example, conducting a study of renewable energy potential in South Sumatra. Then, the South Sumatra Provincial Government supports the acceleration of the battery-based electric motor vehicle program for road transportation with the issuance of South Sumatra Governor Regulation Number 26 of 2021 concerning the Use of Battery-Based Electric Motor Vehicles, and encourages the private sector to participate in developing renewable energy both to meet company needs and for corporate social responsibility.

“In order to implement the energy transition, we will continue to contribute to the development of the renewable energy sector to obtain clean energy that is environmentally friendly. In the future, we hope that the utilization of clean energy can be more developed to all levels of society,” said Ahmad Gufan. 

Sub-National Coordinator, Sustainable Energy Access Program, IESR, Rizqi M Prasetyo mentioned that South Sumatra is known as an energy granary, particularly renewable energy such as solar energy. According to him, South Sumatra has the largest solar potential among other technical renewable energy potentials. However, its utilization is actually small, only 7.75 MWp in the 2012-2022 period. For this reason, IESR believes that South Sumatra can encourage the use of ground-mounted solar power and rooftop solar power by preparing supporting regulations and policies, conducting socialization about solar power in the community, and encouraging community participation to be involved in the adoption of rooftop solar power accompanied by attractive incentives. Rizqi views that the collaboration between the government, the private sector and the community is the determining factor for the success of the utilization of environmentally friendly energy.

“Based on the practice of utilizing renewable energy in South Sumatra from the private sector at the Solar Power Plant (Solar PV) in Tanjung Raja Village, Muara Enim, South Sumatra, it has been useful for irrigation of agricultural land for farmers in the village. The solar power plant has a capacity of about 16.5 Kilowatt peak (kWp), with about 525 farmers benefiting from the irrigation solar power plant and enabling harvests more than 3 times a year. The government needs to encourage initiatives from various sectors to gain benefits from the huge potential of renewable energy such as solar energy, so that more and more people can feel the impact both environmentally and economically,” said Rizqi.

Rizqi explained that IESR realizes that access to knowledge about renewable energy and its benefits tends to be limited. Meanwhile, proper understanding is needed to mobilize support for renewable energy development in the regions. Addressing the knowledge gap on renewable energy, IESR has provided an energy transition learning platform called the Energy Transition Academy that can be openly accessed by the public.

“IESR, through the academy.transisienergi.id platform, has provided various energy transition classes that are organized in an interesting and easy-to-understand manner. Not only learning about energy transition, IESR also has a special channel for everyone who wants to know about rooftop solar PV adoption by visiting solarhub.id,” Rizqi explained.

In Jelajah Energi South Sumatra, participants will be invited to see firsthand various renewable energy projects that are already running in various locations in the province, including PT Pupuk Sriwidjaja Palembang’s PLTS, Tanjung Raja Village Irrigation PLTS, and PT Green Lahat’s PLTMH. In addition, there were discussion forums and meetings with relevant stakeholders, to discuss strategic steps in accelerating the implementation of renewable energy in South Sumatra.


About Institute for Essential Services Reform

The Institute for Essential Service Reform (IESR) is a think tank organization that actively promotes and strives for the fulfillment of Indonesia’s energy needs, upholding the principles of justice in natural resource utilization and ecological sustainability. IESR engages in activities such as conducting analysis and research, advocating for public policies, launching campaigns on specific topics, and collaborating with diverse organizations and institutions.

The Decline of Indonesia’s Climate Policy and Action Rating in 2023

Delima Ramadhani, Climate Policy Project Coordinator, IESR presents the results of the CAT assessment of Indonesia’s climate policies, targets and actions

Jakarta, January 31, 2024 – According to the Climate Action Tracker (CAT) report, the climate policies, actions, and targets outlined in Indonesia’s 2023 Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) document as “critically insufficient” to limit global temperatures  to below 1.5 degrees Celsius. This represents a decline from 2022 when Indonesia was rated as “highly insufficient.”

The Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR), a collaborator with CAT, has disclosed that Indonesia, rated as “critically insufficient” under the Enhanced NDC target, could potentially release greenhouse gas emissions of 1,800 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent for the unconditional target and 1,700 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent for the conditional target by 2030. This estimation excludes emissions from the forestry and land sectors.

Fabby Tumiwa, Executive Director of IESR, attributed Indonesia’s downgrade to “critically insufficient” to the escalating use of coal in downstream mining. He stressed that the lowest CAT rating implies that the existing climate targets and policies would result in global emissions surges surpassing 4 degrees Celsius.

“Indonesia requires concrete and measurable actions to transition from fossil energy and expedite the shift to renewable energy in the coming decade,” Fabby stated during his remarks at the launch of the Climate Action Tracker Assessment Indonesia and Climate Transparency Implementation Check reports, organized by IESR on January 30. 

Throughout the 2022-2023 period, the Indonesian government has made progress in climate mitigation actions, notably by promoting the development of renewable energy through Presidential Regulation (Perpres) No. 112/2022 concerning the Acceleration of Renewable Energy Development for Electricity Supply. Additionally, the government has made positive commitments to achieving the 2030 net zero and FOLU net sink targets. Ambitious policies are needed to realize them.

The rise in emissions in 2022 amounts to approximately 200 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent, with increased coal consumption being a contributing factor. Emissions from captive power plants, those operated by utility companies outside of PLN, are anticipated to contribute to a further increase of around 100 million tons by 2030. Indonesia’s current climate policy would result in the country reaching an emissions level of 1,487-1,628 MtCO2e (excluding the forest and land sector) by 2030.

Moreover, Indonesia has committed to the Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP), aiming for a renewable energy mix exceeding 34% by 2030. However, it is noted that the JETP falls short of aligning Indonesia with the targets set in the Paris Agreement.

Delima Ramadhani, Climate Policy Project Coordinator at IESR, explained that to meet the Paris Agreement standards, emissions from the electricity sector must decrease to 140-150 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2030, ultimately reaching zero emissions by 2040.

“Indonesia needs to adopt key reforms as outlined in the comprehensive investment planning and policy (CIPP) document of the Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP) and formulate and implement an ambitious decarbonization pathway for off-grid (captive) power plants,” explained Delima.

Considering the significance of the electricity sector and its potential for strategic decarbonization, IESR also assessed the implementation of the National Electricity General Plan (RUKN) policy. This policy serves as Indonesia’s primary reference for domestic electricity development and can be utilized for monitoring and evaluating renewable energy progress. Akbar Bagaskara, IESR’s Electricity System Analyst, explained that the overall assessment of the RUKN is “medium,” indicating that while it has a clear legal basis, namely MEMR Regulation No. 143/2019, there are numerous implementation challenges, including the consistent failure to achieve the annual renewable energy mix target.

“Indonesia’s challenges in meeting the annual targets for the renewable energy mix should prompt the government to conduct a thorough evaluation and address this issue with a sense of urgency. It is crucial for the government to formulate progressive strategies and innovations aligned with the Paris Agreement,” stated Akbar.

He elaborated on several actions the government should take to enhance the implementation of renewable energy development in Indonesia. Firstly, there is a need to increase the presence of supportive laws to foster a more conducive environment. Secondly, clear and comprehensive instruments should be provided, covering the entire spectrum from planning and procurement to reporting processes, especially for entities beyond PLN. Thirdly, a new revenue model for PLN should be established. Lastly, there is a necessity to refine PLN’s sustainable finance framework to attract a broader range of financing sources.

Lack of Encouragement for Energy Transition Acceleration from the Three Candidates during the Vice Presidential Debate

Jakarta, January 23, 2024 – The second vice presidential candidate debate, on Sunday (21/1/2024), raised the issue of sustainable development, natural resources, environment, energy, food, agriculture, indigenous peoples, and villages, drawing public attention. Various attack games and mutual insinuations marred the debate.

The Executive Director of the Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) and panelist of the second vice presidential debate, Fabby Tumiwa, assessed that the fourth debate of the 2024 Presidential Election (Pilpres) had not prioritized content primarily related to the energy transition. This makes several vital issues related to the economy and the environment far from serious discussion.

“In my opinion, many candidates did not understand the panelists’ questions that the moderator read out. They did not seem to respond to the questions appropriately, and during the question and answer session, the vice president seemed to give insubstantial questions. Thus, I see that the three vice presidential candidates have not debated (debate ideas-ed), “said Fabby Tumiwa in the Kompas TV Special Report program on Tuesday (23/1/2024).


Fabby stated that the hot debate between the vice presidential candidates at the Jakarta Convention Center had also yet to discuss essential issues. This cannot be separated from the discussion format, which does not support exploring ideas effectively enough.

Vice Presidential Statement on Debate

The three vice presidential candidates in the second debate had similar views on the transition to green energy. Muhaimin Iskandar, the first Vice Presidential candidate, assesses that the current government’s commitment is not serious in carrying out the energy transition, as shown by the reduction in the target of new renewable energy (NRE) and the delay in carbon tax. For this reason, Muhaimin is committed to accelerating the carbon tax implementation while carrying out the NRE transition.

Vice Presidential candidate number 2, Gibran Rakabuming Raka, said that an equitable low-carbon development policy must stop dependence on fossil energy.

On the other hand, the third Vice Presidential candidate, Mahfud MD, only addressed the issue of resolving natural resources and energy, emphasizing the need for a thorough resolution from upstream to downstream

To find out the facts behind the statements of the three vice presidential candidates at the debate, IESR has held a Live Fact Check of the Vice Presidential Debate via Twitter, which can be accessed on IESR Twitter.

Galvanizing Mining Business Actors for a Just Energy Transition

From left to right Wira Swadana, Green Economy Program Manager, Yulfaizon, General Manager, PT Bukit Asam Tbk Ombilin Mining Unit, Farah Vianda, Sustainable Financing Coordinator, and Y. Sulistiyohadi, Associate Mining Inspector/Coordinator of Civil Servant Investigator Mineral and Coal


Jakarta, January 25, 2024 – Mitigating the impact of the declining demand for coal in Indonesia is crucial, particularly in regions heavily dependent on coal production, amidst the global push for a robust energy transition. The Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) emphasizes that companies and business entities within the coal industry can play a pivotal role in revitalizing post-mining areas and facilitating economic development within communities once coal operations cease.

Wira Swadana, the Green Energy Program Manager at IESR, asserts that a just energy transition must actively involve various stakeholders, with a special focus on companies and business actors.

“While private entities and coal industry actors are often perceived as adversaries due to the negative impacts on mining areas, in the context of an inclusive and just transition, these mining companies assume a significant responsibility for post-mining endeavors and preparing communities for socio-economic activities, steering them away from a reliance on mining,” Wira explained during the Just Transition Dialogue: Identifying the Role of the Private Sector in Socio-Economic Empowerment of Communities (24/1/2024), an event organized by IESR.

Wira Swadana emphasized the need for business actors to fulfill their responsibilities in land reclamation and post-mining activities, as mandated by Law No.3/2020. He underscored that the government must actively oversee the implementation and take decisive action against mining companies neglecting their obligations in reclamation and post-mining endeavors.

Sulistiyohadi, Associate Mining Inspector/Coordinator of Civil Servant Investigator Mineral and Coal, elucidated the distinction between mining reclamation and post-mining activities. Functionally, reclamation involves enhancing the quality of the environment and ecosystem to restore their intended functionality. On the other hand, post-mining activities focus on the comprehensive restoration of the natural environment and social functions, tailored to the specific conditions of the mining area.

“Reclamation becomes obligatory during the exploration stage, and as production operations commence, a post-mining plan is formulated after meeting the economic and technical feasibility criteria,” Sulistiyohadi explained. He noted that both reclamation and post-mining plans require guarantees for their respective activities.

Moreover, PT Bukit Asam Tbk Ombilin Mining Unit has carried out reclamation and post-mining processes. The post-mining activities are concentrated on establishing a sustainable economy by repurposing the former mining area for various purposes, including the creation of an animal protection zone, zones for crop and livestock cultivation, and utilization for tourism, sports, education, and cultural activities.

Yulfaizon, General Manager at PT Bukit Asam Tbk Ombilin Mining Unit, expressed optimism that the completed post-mining activities at the Ombilin mine will serve as a national exemplar. These efforts align with Sawahlunto’s vision and mission, aiming to transform the former mine into a center for study, job training, and a noteworthy destination in the Sawahlunto region.

Launch of Indonesia’s Climate Action Tracker Assessment Report and Climate Transparency Implementation Checkup

“State of Indonesia’s Climate Policy 2023: Expectations for Increased Ambition and Strengthened Implementation to Achieve the Paris Agreement Targets by 2030”


The year 2023 was recorded as one of the hottest years on record, with global temperatures rising by 1.4 degrees Celsius since the pre-industrial era. In the first global stocktake carried out during the COP-28 Dubai event, the United Arab Emirates also stated that policies and actions taken by countries in the world are still unable to reduce the rate of increase in emissions in line with the Paris Agreement targets. The Global Stocktake results show that based on the current accumulation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), there are still around 20.3–23.9 GtCOe2 emissions that need to be reduced to prevent a temperature rise above 1.5C by 2030. Thus, more ambitious climate policies and actions at the national level play an important role in the global effort to achieve the Paris Agreement targets.

In the context of climate policy in Indonesia, data from the Climate Action Tracker (CAT) as of December 2023 shows that Indonesia still needs to reduce around 800 MtCOe2 in 2030 emissions to align its emission reduction target with the Paris Agreement (CAT, 2023). The operationalization of new coal power plants as well as the quantification of emissions from off-grid generation caused Indonesia’s emissions to rise by around 21% in 2022 (CAT, 2023). This results in Indonesia’s emissions being projected to increase by around 300 MtCO2 by 2030. Based on CAT’s assessment, Indonesia needs to increase the percentage of the renewable energy mix by around 55%–80% by 2030. Therefore, Indonesia needs to re-evaluate the climate targets contained in its NDC and also improve coordination between sectors in order to accelerate the achievement of the Paris Agreement targets.

Indonesia will experience a change of government in 2024. With this change, there is a possibility that the policy direction of the new government will be different from the previous government. It is hoped that the new government will be able to formulate a more ambitious and comprehensive climate policy umbrella so that it can support the achievement of the Paris Agreement targets and remain in line with the country’s development plan. Publication of Climate Action Tracker Country Assessment: Indonesia and Climate Transparency Implementation Check The report is expected to be a reference for recommendations for policymakers in order to harmonize climate policies at the national level and also commitments at the global level. In addition, the dissemination of these two reports is also expected to open a discussion space for the public to provide feedback and recommendations on climate policy in Indonesia.


  1. Dissemination of the Climate Action Tracker report: Indonesia Climate Action Status 2023 to stakeholders and the general public;
  2. Facilitate discussions on the implementation of climate policies in the electricity, financing, and AFOLU sectors;
  3. Become a cross-sector discussion space for the government as a policy maker, civil society organizations, academics, and the general public in order to realize climate policy and energy transition in Indonesia in line with the Paris Agreement targets;
  4. A means of gathering opinions and inputs from various levels of society and sectors, which can be used as recommendations for climate and energy transition policies in Indonesia.

Dialogue on Equitable Transition: Identifying the Role of the Private Sector in Socio-Economic Empowerment of Communities


Indonesia is the third largest coal producing country after India and China in 2022. According to the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Indonesia targets coal production of 694.5 million tons in 2023, 0.47% higher than the previous year’s target. As of October 2023, Indonesia’s coal production has reached 567.2 tons or 81.67% of this year’s production target. Coal in Indonesia will mostly be sold to the export market (75%-80%) and consumed domestically (20%-25%). However, with the trend of energy transition, Indonesia’s coal demand seems to be declining, one of which is from India. India decreased its coal demand from Indonesia from 8.43 million tons to 6.11 million tons as of June 2023.

In addition to the downward trend in coal demand from abroad, the Indonesian government has endorsed several commitments that will affect the use of coal going forward in line with the energy transition agenda towards renewable energy. In 2022, the Government of Indonesia passed Presidential Regulation No. 112 of 2022 on the Acceleration of Renewable Energy Development for Electricity Generation, which explicitly stipulates a ban on the construction of coal-fired power plants starting in 2030. This commitment was supported through the signing of the Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP) agreement between Indonesia and IPG and GFANZ. Through the CIPP document, the Government of Indonesia intends to achieve peak emissions in the power sector at 290 MT CO2 and a renewable energy mix of 34% by 2030. In addition, the document also states that Indonesia should strive for an equitable energy transition process where social, economic and environmental impacts are also a concern for policy makers. The existence of national and global policies also has the potential to affect the company’s business and also the socio-economic structure of communities around mining areas.

Extractive industry activities are often the main source of local revenue, but they also cause economic, socio-community and environmental losses. With the energy transition agenda, the government plans to limit coal consumption, which will lead to faster closure of coal mines and affect local community activities. In Law No.4/2009 on Mineral and Coal Mining, post-mining activities require business actors to restore the natural environment to its original state. This is also stipulated in Law No.40/2007 which requires companies in the natural resources sector to carry out Social Responsibility activities which are widely associated with community empowerment. By integrating activities that suit the economic needs of the community with the company’s plans, it is hoped that the community can independently develop their economic activities and can be free from dependence on the company. Thus, the role of the company and local government is important for post-mining activities.

Therefore, IESR intends to invite business actors to provide information and strategies for planning successful community and environmental empowerment programs in preparation for post-mining activities. This event is also expected to strengthen post-mining planning between the government and business owners in the fair energy transition agenda.


This activity has several objectives, namely:

  1. To obtain and disseminate information related to post-mining reclamation programs both in terms of planning and implementation as well as the challenges faced towards an equitable transition;
  2. Obtain and disseminate information on the role of businesses or industries in preparing for the impact of the energy transition on the community and the surrounding environment;
  3. Identify collaborative forms of post-mining activities to develop based on economic potential, natural resources, and people through the implementation of a just transition;


Reclamation and Post-Mining, Koordinator PPNS Minerba – Dr. Y. Sulistiyohadi



Reclamation and Post-Mining Ombilin1 – Yulfaizon



Indonesia Energy Transition Outlook 2024: Tracking Progress of Energy Transition in Indonesia: The Trend and Transformation in Achieving Indonesia Net Zero Ambition


In 2023, through the presidential decree lifting the COVID-19 pandemic situation, it became a stimulus for economic recovery and national development to accelerate. Until the second quarter of 2023, economic growth in Indonesia was recorded at 5.17% (yoy) and showed economic strengthening in several regions in Indonesia. Meanwhile, Indonesia is projected to experience a population increase of 0.9% by 2023. This will certainly boost the level of domestic energy demand. On the other hand, external factors of energy security are caused by conflicts in Russia and Ukraine and the stability of the Middle East region, which will be able to affect the world energy commodity market. Indonesia is also a country that feels the impact.

Indonesia, as a country that has ratified the Paris Agreement through Law No. 16/2016, has emphasized its position to achieve net zero emissions by 2060 or earlier. This commitment is emphasized by increasing the national contribution target, or Enhance-NDC, by 31.89% with its own efforts and 43.20% with international assistance. In line with this, through the Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP) commitment between the Government of Indonesia and donor countries that are members of the International Partner Group, Indonesia targets to achieve 44% of the renewable energy mix by 2030 and retire 1.7 GW of power plants from the operation of power plants in the network. However, the JETP target is considered less ambitious for efforts to achieve the target of controlling temperature rise by 1.5 oC. This is because it does not include the intervention of captive PLTU, which has a large role in contributing emissions in Indonesia.

Apart from the electricity sector, Indonesia’s energy transition also needs to be encouraged and accelerated in various other energy sectors, such as transportation and industry. On the demand side of national energy needs, the industrial sector is recorded to have a demand of 44.21% in 2022, of which 56.5% is met by coal. This condition is influenced by government policy through the Domestic Market Obligation (DMO) regulation. This policy can support the development of domestic industries that use national natural resources, but on the other hand, the use of coal in the industrial sector also increases greenhouse gas emissions. So it is necessary to control emissions and innovate in energy transformation in the industrial sector. Some large industries that need attention are the cement, iron and steel, and ammonia industries. In the transportation sector, through Ministerial Decree No. 8 of 2023, 38 mitigation action steps have been established that focus on the electrification of land vehicles, including motorcycles, cars, and public vehicles, as well as the use of low-carbon fuels in sea and air transportation.

These developments show that Indonesia’s energy transition is entering the take-off phase. The question is, is the current energy transition process in line with Indonesia’s climate crisis mitigation and sustainable development ambitions? If not, what options can Indonesia focus on to accelerate the energy transition in the near future?

The progress and development of energy transition in Indonesia are specifically reviewed in one of IESR’s flagship reports launched at the end of each year: the Indonesia Energy Transition Outlook (IETO). Published since 2017, the IETO, previously titled Indonesia Clean Energy Outlook (ICEO), aims to regularly monitor the development and progress of Indonesia’s energy transition and identify challenges and opportunities for the following year. The report covers policy analysis and review, technology status updates, and the energy transition ecosystem.

Over the years, IESR has worked to improve the coverage and rigor of its analysis in this report. The sixth edition of the IETO also gathers various perspectives from stakeholders in the energy sector and addresses them with in-depth studies to deliver strategic analysis on the energy transition and transformation to a low-carbon energy system in the country.

Through the IETO, the IESR intends to inform policymakers and all stakeholders in the energy sector on the effectiveness of policies and improvements needed to help accelerate the development and transition of clean energy in the country. By doing so, it is hoped that Indonesia can ensure energy security, a competitive economy, and transition to a sustainable energy system in the near future.

IETO 2024 will be launched in a special meeting to get views and perceptions from policymakers and actors on the upcoming trends in the energy transition. Discussions in this meeting will highlight the energy transition processes taking place in various energy sectors in Indonesia and be followed by an analysis of the energy transition readiness framework in Indonesia’s electricity sector, as well as lessons learned in 2023 to address challenges in driving the energy transition in 2024.


The Indonesia Energy Transition Outlook (IETO) 2024 launch meeting and discussion was organized with the following objectives:

  1. Inform and introduce the IESR flagship report, Indonesia Energy Transition Outlook (IETO).
  2. Review and evaluate the development of the energy transition (fossil energy, renewable energy, and energy efficiency) in Indonesia during 2023 in the context of the impact of government policies and regulations issued to relevant stakeholders, as well as the review in 2024.
  3. Review the evaluation and transition readiness framework for Indonesia’s electricity sector with policymakers and stakeholders.
  4. Provide a policy dialogue space for stakeholders, including policymakers and businesses, as well as civil society organizations, in the process of formulating and implementing more sustainable energy transition policies.

Dissemination Webinar on Indonesia’s Transportation Decarbonisation Roadmap

Replay Streaming


Indonesia has endorsed a commitment to keep global temperature below 1.5 OC in line with the Paris Agreement through regulation No. 6 of 2016. Although the Indonesian government has put its NDC targets (41% emission reduction in 2030 compared to BAU, and net-zero emissions in 2060), it is still not enough to fulfill the Paris Agreement goals. The energy sector is projected to dominate Indonesia’s future emissions. In addition, from a technical and economic perspective, the energy sector in Indonesia can achieve zero emissions by 2050.

The transportation sector accounts for 23% of Indonesia’s total energy consumption in 2021, replacing Industry as the largest energy-consuming sector since 2012. Energy consumption by the transportation sector is dominated by petroleum fuels such as gasoline, diesel and aviation fuel. In 2017, this sector contributed around 26% of the energy sector’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, or around 147 million tons CO2e. This figure does not include GHG emissions lost in the upstream oil processing industry, which contributes about 7% of the energy sector’s associated GHG emissions. In 2021, the land transportation mode contributes about 90% of the total transportation sector emissions, followed by the air and maritime transportation sectors.

The government has undertaken several initiatives and policies in the transportation sector to reduce emissions, such as the use of biofuels, public vehicles (mode shift), and most recently the move to electric vehicles. One of the drivers is the high increase in fuel imports that has occurred since 2004. However, these policies have not been anchored by a common planning document (or so-called roadmap), and as such, there is potential to optimize efforts and costs in implementing existing initiatives and promoting new ones to support decarbonization of the transport sector. Therefore, in this program focus, IESR is currently modeling a roadmap that can provide guidance on what aspects or strategies to prioritize to effectively reduce emissions in the transportation sector, using system dynamics methodology.


To further disseminate the findings of the system dynamics modeling of the roadmap for decarbonization opportunities in the transportation sector of the Jabodetabek national and regional model structures

More specifically, the discussion in this meeting is expected to:

  1. Disseminate and share information on Indonesia’s transport decarbonization roadmap to relevant key stakeholders, including policy makers, transport actors, associations, and research institutions.
  2. Receive inputs and validate the transport decarbonization roadmap from relevant key stakeholders.
  3. Discuss key and actionable policies required to implement the transport sector decarbonization roadmap at national and regional scales.
  4. Identify future challenges, opportunities, and support from relevant key stakeholders

Materi Presentasi

Dissemination Webinar on Indonesia’s Transportation Decarbonisation Roadmap: Emission Reduction Projection and Policy Intervention in Modal Share and Electric Vehicles – Rahmi Puspita S, Fauzan Ahmad & Arij Ashari N



Pemodelan Dinamika Sistem (System Dynamics) Transportasi: Dekarbonisasi – Dr Muhammad Tasrif



Emission Reduction Projection and Policy Intervention in Modal Share and Electric Vehicles – Prof. Dr. Agus Taufik Mulyono