Industry Decarbonization Roadmaps for Indonesia

Opportunities and Challenges to Net-zero Emissions

Pertumbuhan industri utama menimbulkan tantangan bagi pencapaian skenario Near Zero 2060. Untuk mengatasi hal ini, portofolio teknologi yang komprehensif diusulkan untuk dekarbonisasi industri. Strategi khusus untuk industri seperti besi dan baja, semen, amonia, pulp dan kertas, serta tekstil melibatkan transisi ke proses yang lebih bersih, meningkatkan efisiensi energi, dan menggunakan sumber terbarukan. Selain itu, sektor tenaga listrik yang terdekarbonisasi sangat penting untuk mencapai emisi CO2 yang mendekati nol di dunia industri.

Untuk memastikan transisi yang lancar, pendekatan kebijakan multifaset sangat penting, yang mencakup target emisi sektoral, kerangka kerja yang mendorong peralihan bahan bakar dan efisiensi energi, kondisi pasar untuk efisiensi material, dan investasi dalam penelitian dan persiapan tenaga kerja.

Laporan ini menjabarkan jalur komprehensif untuk mencapai industri karbon mendekati nol, yang mencakup teknologi yang sesuai dan opsi kebijakan untuk tahun 2060 dan percepatan tahun 2050. Laporan ini merupakan studi bersama antara Institute for Essential Services Reform dan Lawrence National Berkeley Laboratory.

 

Lihat juga halaman Lawrence National Berkeley Laboratory.

Briefing Paper : Improving the Financing Landscape for Renewable Energy Development in APAC – A case study of Indonesia

Indonesia is a pivotal region in global efforts to curb climate change. In addition to being considered significantly more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change than other regions worldwide, it is also expected to play a key role in keeping global warming within 1.5°C as set under the Paris Agreement.
With the region’s share of global emissions increasing from 35% in 2010 to 58% in 20202, several countries, including Indonesia, have recently renewed their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to reflect more ambitious climate targets. Meeting the 1.5°C target, however, will require a vast amount
of climate finance as well as more strategic investment planning. Looking at commitments made by the 38 developing member countries of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), up to $16,999.3 billion will have to be invested between now and 2030 to meet the region’s NDC targets. Recognizing the urgency for robust investment growth and more strategic allocation of climate finance, this article looks at the latest developments and challenges facing Indonesia’s clean energy transition in comparison with other APAC countries, as well as insights on how we can leverage more climate finance opportunities to accelerate coal phase-out and the growth of renewable energy investment.

 

Reviewer IESR:

Briefing Paper : Indonesia Landscape of Climate Finance – Financing Indonesia Energy Transition

Indonesia’s National Energy Policy aims to increase renewable energy capacity to 23 percent of the energy mix by 2025. Coal (30%) and oil and gas (47%) would make up the balance. However, progress has been slow, as renewables accounted for only 14% of the energy mix in 2020. Although Indonesia has announced a moratorium on new coal power plant permits by 2025; a large number of coal-fired power plants are already in the pipeline (IEA 2021). The government’s 2021–2030 national electricity supply plan (RUPTL 2021–2030) has set a coal capacity target of 44.7 GW by 2030, representing a 40 percent increase from 2020 levels (Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR) 2020 and PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PT PLN) 2021). Fossil fuel subsidies have remained at an annual average of USD 135 million since 2015, together with uncompetitive feed-in tariffs for renewables and locked-in coal investments. Renewable energy investments need to be mobilized at an accelerated rate, while investments in coal need to decrease to narrow the investment gap and ensure clean energy transition targets are met.

 

Reviewer IESR: